Middle Ages: 450-1450


Nobility: mostly illiterate

Music in the Middle Ages

Characteristics of Chant


Gregorian Chant: Source

Listening: Alleluia: Vidimus stéllum

Hildegard of Bingen

Listening: O successores by Hildegard of Bingen

Secular Music (12th & 13th centuries)

The Development of Polyphony: Organum

Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris

Listening: Alleluia

The Ars Nova in France - 1300s

The rise of secular music

Guillaume de Machaut

Notre Dame Mass by Machaut

Mass Ordinary

Listening: Notre Dame Mass